Daily, Weekly and Monthly Bird Care Plan

Table of Contents

Bird Care

Table of Contents

What routine care does a bird need?

Daily Bird Care Plan Tasks

  • Clean bowls with soapy water and offer fresh food and water once or twice a day, more often in hot humid weather when food and water spoil more quickly.

  • Provide a well-balanced pellet daily and supplement with lot's of  fresh, raw vegetables, nutritious grains and low sugar fruit.  Remove fresh items after 2-3 hrs.

  • Change tray paper. Food plus fecal matter create a bacterial breeding ground.

  • Mist feathers or shower especially for powder coated birds
  • Observe bird for any unusual behavior activity level, evidence of injury – make this fun and social, talking with your bird, dancing with it, etc.

  • Let your bird out of the cage on bird stand to enjoy family activities at least once per day

  • Clean up around cage

  • Consider one training activity a day, as time permits

Recommended Weekly Bird Care Plan Tasks

  • Wipe down cage, cage accessories and play stand with clean soapy water & / or Pet Focus Disinfectant

  • Clean and mop floor around bird cage

  • Inspect area and food bin for bug or rodent infestation

  • Inspect all bird toys for excessive wear, dangerous parts, long strings

  • Weigh your bird in gramsand record it on your weight journal so that you can spot illness early when it is most easily treated

  • Examine bird more closely for evidence of injury or illness (link to visual examination), look at beak, nails, eyes, nares

What should I feed my bird daily?

Cockatiel with Vitamin A Deficiency

Diet: Seeds vs. Pellets

Seed diets, while more affordable, simply don’t provide the nutrition that parrots need.  Seeds are high in fat, which most captive birds don’t need.  Plus, they are very low in essential vitamins, minerals, and proteins that keep a bird healthy.

Over time, birds fed a seed diet will fall victim to a compromised immune system leaving them vulnerable to infections and illness. 

There are a number of specialty pelleted diets made specifically for birds.  Pellets are formulated to provide a proper balance of nutrients that your bird requires for ideal health.  

Many Avian Vets recommend Harrison’s Bird Foods and Roudybush. They also recommend a rich range of fresh, raw plant-based foods.

Save time with your bird care plan by ordering premium parrot food from subscription websites like

Supplementing Pellets

Since eating is a bonding time for parrots, just like it is with people, it is okay to feed healthy table foods to birds. 

Just make sure that you watch the sugar, salt and fatty foods. These items are good for birds.  

Check this list of foods to avoid

You’ll want to feed fruits and vegetables high in vitamin A, magnesium, and calcium.  You'll also want to ensure that your bird gets a dash of essential fatty acids like coconut oil and red palm oil.

Always wash fruits and vegetables as your bird is susceptible to the toxins in pesticides.  Diluted GSE safely cleans toxins off of vegetables. 


Make time every day to ensure that your bird has fresh water. In hot summer months you should change the water in both the morning and evening. 

Birds love to dip pellets or food in water leaving it susceptible to spoiling.  They also tend to bathe in it and use it as a toilet bowl. 

Imagine the bacteria and fungus that can grow in water in just a few short hours.  Wash bowls thoroughly at least once a day. 

The white filmy stuff on the bowl surface is full of bacteria and fungus. Contaminated water can cause fungal infections that are deadly, take months to recover from, and are expensive to diagnose and treat. 

Avoid the heartbreak and just offer clean water at all times. Make offering fresh water part of your morning bird care plan.

General Parrot Care 

What type of bird cage is best?

To encourage exercise, always provide the largest cage you can afford.  Keep in mind that the bar space of the cage should not be larger than your birds head.  You don’t want your bird to get its head stuck between the bars. 

Stick with powder-coated cages or stainless steel cages to avoid metal toxicity.  Birds seem to get a lot of enjoyment rubbing their beaks up and down the cage bars. 

Inferior cages can poison your bird with lead or zinc.  While you may think you are saving money by purchasing a used or cheap cage, it may be a decision that you regret later.

When choosing a bird cage, look for one with a big door.  Also, examine the bird cage for crevices where food and poop can get stuck.  The fewer places that you have to scrub the easier it will be for you to maintain your bird care plan.


Peachy, my Moluccan Cockatoo 

What perches are best for birds

Provide a variety of appropriate sized perches for your bird.  Good choices are natural branches and rope perches. 

On rope perches, trim strings longer than an inch in length, or better yet, avoid them altogether. Avoid dowel perches that cause foot cramping and chronic foot problems.  

You may want to clean hardwood and Sandy Perches in the dishwasher to make keeping cage accessories easier. 

How do you keep a bird cage clean?

In addition to cleaning food and water bowls, routinely wipe cages down with a bird safe disinfectant, such as Pet Focus. 

Bleach is extremely toxic when inhaled so it is best avoided if at all possible.  You can use A & E makes a good cage cleaner that can   dissolve stubborn poop and food stains, however, it does not disinfect. 

Change cage paper routinely.  When food, poop and water mix, on tray paper or substrate, it makes a nasty breeding ground for deadly fungus and bacteria. 

If your bird’s immune system is compromised due to stress or poor diet, the outcome could be disastrous. Save yourself a lot of heart ache by making cleaning a part of your daily bird care plan.

Can I give my bird a bath?

Regular baths rinse dust and dirt from your bird’s feathers, skin and even its sinuses.  Baths moisturize skin, too.  Bathing options include misting, bathing in a bowl, or even on a shower perch. 

Find the method that your bird most enjoys.  You may have to train your bird to tolerate baths. Bathing also helps make cleaning tasks easier by washing a lot of dust and dander right down the drain.

We recommend that you bathe your bird minimum of three times a week, even in the winter. Dusty species like cockatoos, cockatiels and African grey's will benefit from daily bathing.

How do I keep my parrot safe?

Making Your Home “Bird Safe”

Plan on “bird-proofing” your home, just as you might if you had a toddler in the house.  Birds are incredibly curious and they’ll chew electric wires, explore electric outlets, chew up stuff that isn’t good for them etc.

Clipping Your Bird’s Wings

While clipping your bird’s wings is a personal choice, keep in mind that flighted birds are susceptible to in-home injury and prone to flying out of an open window or door. 

Some of the more common flight injuries that we hear about include drowning in open water, such as toilets, flying into windows or ceiling fans.

Metal Toxicity and Swallowing Toxic Items

Birds instinctually mouth everything, leaving them susceptible to ingesting poisonous metals such as lead and zinc or other toxic items. You’d be amazed at the things in your home that contain lead and other metals. 

Anything that has been soldered contains lead.  This includes lampshades, stained glass and stereo equipment.  Lead is in curtain weights, old paint or painted cages from undeveloped countries such as Mexico or China,

Chipped ceramic bowls contain lead. Costume jewelry, foil, aluminum cans, foil from the top of wine and beer bottles, floor linoleum and even min-blinds contain toxic lead and zinc.

Symptoms of lead toxicity include incoordination, seizures, anemia, and kidney damage. If your bird has any of these symptoms, seek veterinary care immediately.

Protect Your Bird from Airborne Toxins

Birds are particularly sensitive to airborne toxins due to their super-efficient respiratory system. While their respiratory system enables them to fly, it poses problems in an enclosed household.

Common airborne toxins include any non-stick surface, such as Teflon-coated cookware, drip pans, irons and self-cleaning ovens.  Never allow Teflon to overhead. 

Toxic fumes are deadly to birds. Your bird can get toxicity pesticides, wet paint, floor and rug cleaning solutions, wood burning fireplace smoke, air fresheners, incense, scented candles, hair spray, perfume, hot-oil frying, cleaning products, and burning plastic, just to name a few.

Cigarette or marijuana smoke is very toxic to birds, too. As a rule of thumb, avoid using any substance that gives off fumes or odors.  Always remove your bird from the immediate area and air out your home if you smell any of the above odors.

When developing your bird care plan, take a look at your pots and pans and other household items that contain teflon.  It could be an iron, to an electric cooking appliance.  Always unplug electric appliances that contain teflon.

Parrots and Teflon

Supervise Your Bird with Children and Pets

Keep your bird away from cats, dogs, ferrets, larger birds and other potentially harmful animals. Wild animals have even been known to enter pet doors and attack pet birds. 

Never allow small children to play with a pet bird unless they are closely supervised. 

If another animal bites or mouths your bird, seek an IMMEDIATE appointment with a veterinarian, preferably an avian vet.  Animal saliva is deadly to birds.

When developing your bird care plan, figure out a way to keep small birds away from other household pets.

Provide Your Bird with Safe Toys

Safe bird toys are essential to your pet’s well-being.  The key word here is “safe.”

Make sure that the metal hardware or embellishments are made from bird safe substances to avoid metal toxicity. Ensure that the toy is properly sized for your parrot species. 

Larger parrots often break off plastic parts and swallow them. Rope toys should be inspected frequently and strings trimmed to avoid neck or toe strangulation.  Inspect bird toys for wear and tear at least weekly.

Veterinary Care

Watch for the following signs of sickness in birds.  Birds instinctually hide illness until it is critical. Learn the signs of a sick or injured bird. 

  • Poor appetite and activity level

  • Sitting fluffed, especially on the bottom of the cage

  • Sleeping more than usual

  • Respiratory symptoms such nasal discharge, sneezing, wheezing or crackling breathing sounds

  • Unusual droppings or regurgitation that is not associated with hormonal behavior.

As part of your bird care plan, keep your avian veterinarian's phone number handy and maybe even on speed dial on your cell phone.

Please pass this article on developing a bird care plan along to your favorite social media platform.

Diane Burroughs, LCSW is a licensed psychotherapist trained in ABA therapy techniques. She specializes in anxiety disorders and nutrition for mental health. With over 30 years experience, in a range of settings, she’s created thousands of successful behavior plans to help turn around challenging behavior. She’s authored a number of books on supporting challenging behavior in birds.

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