The woods are listed from the softest, which is appropriate for small parrots, to the hardest, which large parrots enjoy. If a wood is too hard or soft, a bird will either destroy it so quickly that you feel like you're wasting your money, or it might be so hard that the bird doesn't enjoy the toy.
All sized parrots love to chew wood, but you must make sure to choose bird safe wood. Birds chew and destroy bird toys, especially wood bird toys! Parrots have an instinctual need to chew wood. Wood bird toys and perches satisfy the gnawing, chomping need that parrots have, exercising the jaws trimming the beak and comforting the bird.
It is important to know your woods when picking out bird toys. Like all bird toys, wood bird toys come in different sizes, with wood densities recommended by parrot size. A small parrot needs smaller, softer wood types in order to gain the physical and emotional benefits of wood bird toys. Likewise, large parrots with more powerful jaws will benefit from larger individual wood pieces made from denser woods.
Please purchase wood bird toy parts from reputable manufacturers and experienced bird supply stores, such as BirdSupplies.com Even bird safe woods that have been made for products other than bird toys may have been treated with wood preservatives or chemicals. Furniture manufacturers often sell seconds on auction type sites.If you are making your own bird toys, remember that NOT ALL WOODS ARE BIRD SAFE. Avoid Cedar, Red Cherry, Plywood. Oak and especially pressure treated woods.
Not all wood is safe for birds. Some woods have toxic properties. Stay safe and choose woods from this list, especially if you want to make your own perches. Keep in mind, that if you cut your own branches, there may be bugs in them. You can bake a freshly cut wood perch in a 250 degre oven for a couple of hours to rid it of unwanted pests.
|Wood||Density||Bird Size Toy Application|
|Pine||52-53||Relatively softer wood, especially when cut across the grain. Makes great medium sized bird toys.|
|Balsa||7-9||Extremely soft wood that is excellent for small bird toys.|
|Birch||42 +/-||Moderately soft wood for small to medium bird toys|
|Basswood||20-37||Moderately soft wood that is excellent for small to medium bird toys.|
|Poplar||22-31||Moderately soft wood that is excellent for small to medium bird toys.|
|Maple||39-47||Moderately soft wood that is excellent for medium to larger bird toys.|
|Walnut||40-43||Moderately soft wood that is excellent for medium to larger bird toys.|
|Ash||33-53||Moderately soft wood that is excellent for small to larger bird toys.|
|Apple||41-52||Moderately soft wood that is excellent for medium to larger bird toys.|
|Elm||35-50||Moderately soft wood that is excellent for small to larger bird toys.|
|Cactus (cholla)||Very soft bird wood with cavities that make good small bird toys, bird perches|
|Manzanita||Very hardwood best for very large bird toys and bird perches|
So, there you have it. A good list of bird safe wood for perches and toys.